Male Infertility

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What is Male infertility?

Male infertility is the result of one or several male issues that result in decreased or no chances of achieving a pregnancy after about one year of unprotected intercourse in a couple with an otherwise normal female counterpart. 

It’s very common:
Nearly 14 out of 100 couples experience infertility and ⅓ of them are known to be due to male reasons.

Male Infertility

Causes

Abnormal Sperm
Varicoceles
Retrograde Ejaculation
Immunologic Infertility
Obstructions (including vasectomy)
Abnormal hormones
Medications
Male Infertility

Evaluation and diagnosis

History and physical exam
Semen analysis
Male hormones and genetic testing
Ultrasound
Testicular biopsy

Treatments

Treatments for male infertility are based on the underlying cause of the problem. In the case of no identified problems, evidence-based treatments that improve fertility will be recommended.
Surgical procedures to correct or repair anatomic abnormalities (varicocele) or damage to reproductive organs (vasectomy).
Medications can treat some issues that affect male fertility, including thyroid dysfunction, hormone imbalances, and erectile dysfunction.
Intrauterine insemination: procedure to deliver optimized sperm inside the uterus.
In-vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and donor sperm all use third-party assistance to treat more severe and complex cases of male infertility.

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